《計算機應用研究》|Application Research of Computers

雙層規劃在災后應急物資調度中的應用綜述

Review on application of bi-level programming in post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling

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作者 王付宇,李琰
機構 安徽工業大學 管理科學與工程學院,安徽 馬鞍山 243032
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文章編號 1001-3695(2019)10-002-2887-07
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.06.0366
摘要 為了減少財產損失和人員傷亡、提高災民滿意度,基于雙層規劃理論,從應急救援角度出發,對突發災害事件下的應急物資調度問題進行綜述。圍繞應急物資調度,從災后應急現狀、應急物資選址—分配、不同約束下的應急物資調度及雙層規劃和群智能優化算法在應急物資調度中的應用等方面進行梳理和討論。結果表明,關于災后應急物資調度的研究,目前主要關注單級應急網絡結構,且模型的目標函數和約束條件與實際情況存在著出入,結合應急物資調度實際特征提出改進建議;考慮兩級應急網絡結構,進而構建雙層規劃模型,實現上下級目標的聯合優化。
關鍵詞 突發災害事件; 雙層規劃; 應急物資調度; 應急救援
基金項目 安徽省哲學社會科學規劃項目(AHSKY2018D15)
本文URL http://www.pbxovf.icu/article/01-2019-10-002.html
英文標題 Review on application of bi-level programming in post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling
作者英文名 Wang Fuyu, Li Yan
機構英文名 School of Management Science & Engineering,Anhui University of Technology,Maanshan Anhui 243032,China
英文摘要 In order to reduce property loss and human casualties, improve the satisfaction of the victims, this paper summarized the supplies scheduling problem under sudden disasters based on bi-level theory and from the perspective of emergency rescue. Focused on the emergency supplies scheduling, it carried out the review and discussion from the perspectives of post-disaster emergency status, emergency material location-allocation, emergency supplies scheduling under different constraints, and the application of bi-level programming and swarm intelligence optimization algorithms in emergency supplies scheduling. The results showed that the research on the post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling currently focused on the single-level emergency network structure, and the objective function and constraint condition of the model were different from the actual situation. Combining the actual characteristics of the emergency supplies scheduling, this paper proposed some improvement suggestions. It considered the two-level emergency network structure, and then built a bi-level programming model to achieve joint optimization of the lower and upper level goals.
英文關鍵詞 sudden disaster; bi-level programming; emergency supplies scheduling; emergency rescue
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收稿日期 2018/6/23
修回日期 2018/8/2
頁碼 2887-2893,2924
中圖分類號 TP391
文獻標志碼 A
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